What is PCOD ? Causes and Symptoms of Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome.

Poly cystic ovary syndrome or PCOS, is an endocrine system disorder that affects women in their reproductive years. the condition is characterised by small fluid-filled sacs developed on their ovaries.These cysts may not be harmful or cancerous, but they cause hormone imbalance in your body. PCOD is also known as or Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
This condition,also known as PCOD , may make it difficult for you to get pregnant, and unwanted changes in your appearance are also indicated.
Early diagnosis and treatment are recommended. Weight loss may also decrease the risk of associated health risks, such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, and high blood pressure.


Causes
The specific causes of PCOD are yet to be determined. In PCOS patients, the ovaries produce excess androgens or male sex hormones. This hormonal imbalance results in an imbalance in ovulation, acne breakout and development of excess body hair. Your body faces problems using insulin and develops insulin resistance. Genetics are considered to be a key factor that determines a woman’s chance of getting PCOD.

Symptoms

Symptoms include changes to the menstrual cycle and excess hair growth. Untreated, it can lead to infertility and other complications. The exact cause is unknown.

The symptoms of PCOD are mild in the beginning. The most common symptoms are as follows:
  • Weight and difficulty in weight loss.
  • Acne breakout.
  • Development of excess hair on the face and body, which is not a feminine feature. Thicker and darker facial hair and unusually excessive hair on the belly, chest and back are also indicated in some women.
  • Thinning of hair on the scalp.
  • Irregularity with menstrual periods. Commonly, women with PCOD experience less than 9 periods during a year. Some women may have no periods at all, while others experience heavy, abnormal bleeding.
  • Fertility problems are likely in women with PCOD.
See your doctor if:

  • You’ve missed periods and you’re not pregnant.
  • You have symptoms of PCOS, such as hair growth on your face and body.
  • You’ve been trying to get pregnant for more than 12 months but haven’t been successful.
  • You have symptoms of diabetes, such as excess thirst or hunger, blurred vision, or unexplained weight loss.
  • It is recommended for you to consult a gynaecologist on experiencing any symptom of PCOD. This will enable early diagnosis so that you can start with the treatment measures before the condition worsens.

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